Passports and other Identity Documents

On 1 January 2005, the Compulsory Identification (Extended Scope) Act entered into force. Since then, everyone in the Netherlands aged 14 years and older has been obliged to carry an original valid identity document (not a copy). Failure to produce an original valid identity document is an offence.

When and how may I be asked to identify myself?

You may be asked to identify yourself when you cross a border, check into a hotel or withdraw money at a bank. In many European countries, you can make do with a Dutch identity card. But in other countries, you will have to produce a passport and sometimes a visa and an inoculation certificate. A driving licence is not an official identity document and is not accepted as such abroad.

On 1 January 2005, the Compulsory Identification (Extended Scope) Act entered into force. Since then, everyone in the Netherlands aged 14 years and older has been obliged to carry an original valid identity document (not a copy). Failure to produce an original valid identity document is an offence.

The following are valid identity documents:

a national passport from an EU/EEA country;

a diplomatic passport from an EU/EEA country;

a service passport from an EU/EEA country;

a Dutch refugee’s travel document;

a Dutch travel document for aliens;

a second passport or a passport issued under certain circumstances to stateless Moluccans;

a Dutch identity card (formerly known as a European identity card);

a residence permit or leave to remain card.

In which countries can I make do with a dutch identity card?

You can travel freely on a Dutch identity card to:

Andorra

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Monaco

Norway

Poland

Portugal (including Madeira and the Azores)

Romania

San Marino

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain (including the Canary Islands)

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

In which countries do I require a passport?

To travel to countries other than those listed above, you will require a passport. For more information, go to Paspoortinformatie.nl, a website of the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations.

Do I also have to be able to identify myself in the Schengen countries?

Yes. If you are travelling in a Schengen country, you still have to be able to identify yourself. The Schengen countries are the 24 €pean countries that, under the Schengen Agreement, have stopped checking personal identity on the borders between them. They are:

Austria

Belgium

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Croatia

The Croatian government has decided that Dutch nationals may travel to Croatia on either a valid Dutch passport or a Dutch identity card. For more information, contact the Croatian embassy in The Hague.

Please note that the countries to the east of Croatia will not accept a Dutch identity card as a valid identity document. You cannot, for instance, travel overland to Turkey on only a Dutch identity card.

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